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、最常引起无尿的是 A、 肾前性肾衰 B、 肾后性肾衰 C、 急性肾性肾衰 D、 前列腺增生症 E、 膀胱肿瘤  正确答案: B 120、烧伤病人早期出现血红蛋白应补充 A、

济宁学历提升服务电话15315377317

 最常引起无尿的是Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 肾前性肾衰 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 肾后性肾衰 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 急性肾性肾衰 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 前列腺增生症 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 膀胱肿瘤  Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

120、烧伤病人早期出现血红蛋白应补充Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 胶体 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 平衡盐 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 高渗葡萄糖 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 等渗葡萄糖 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 5%碳酸氢钠 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

121、Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

关于外科感染,下列哪项不正确(    )Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

  Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 局部组织血液障碍,缺血的伤口易继发感染 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 病菌的致病作用与其产生的毒素密切相关 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 感染扩散可因炎性介质失控导致全身炎性反应综合征 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 院内感染的病菌一般比院外的因素有较强的毒性和耐药性 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

外科感染均需手术治疗Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

122、男性病人,45岁,欲择期行腹股沟斜疝修补术,一般情况尚好,BP140/95mmHg,针对这一情况应选择下列那项处理     Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 用降压药使血压下降至正常水平 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 可以不用降压药物 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 用降压药使血压稍有下降      Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 用降压药使血压显著下降 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 用降压药使血压下降至略低于正常水平 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

123、手术前准备的最根本目的是 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 促进切口良好愈合、 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 防止术后感染 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 是病人尽可能接近于生理状态,提高对手术的耐受力 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 防止术中各种并发症发生 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 促进术后早日康复 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

124、下列吸人麻醉的体征中,那种最重要Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 瞳孔大小 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 对光反射 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 血压  Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 脉搏 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 呼吸 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

125、采用利多卡因行神经阻滞麻醉,常用浓度为Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 0.25%~0.5% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 0.5%~0.75% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 1%~2% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 2%~3% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 4% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

126、Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

关于外科感染,下列叙述哪项不正确(    )Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 疖是单个毛囊及其周围组织的急性化脓性感染 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 痈是多个不同部位散在的毛囊及其周围组织的急性化脓性感染 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甲沟炎是指甲沟及其周围组织的感染 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 急性蜂窝织炎是指疏松结缔组织的急性感染 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 脓性指头炎是指手指末节皮下组织的化脓性感染 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

127、烧伤败血症的临床表现中下列哪项是错误的Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 高热或低温   Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 急性呼吸衰竭 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 烦躁不安     Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 出现坏死斑 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 以上都错误  Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

128、以下哪项与输血过敏反应无关Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 发热 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 面色潮红,皮肤瘙痒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 荨麻疹,血管神经性水肿 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 支气管痉挛 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 过敏性休克 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

129、(A3 /A4型题)男性,62岁,反复上腹部疼痛6个月伴消瘦,进食后症状加剧,查体:贫血外观,左上腹压痛,无反跳痛,未及肿物,粪便常规:隐血(++)。如无明显远处转移应首选何种治疗Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 对症治疗 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 根治手术治疗 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 同位素治疗 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 放射治疗 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 化疗 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

130、心肌梗塞病人,择期手术的合适时机是在发病后 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 2~3月,无心绞痛发作 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 3~4月,无心绞痛发作 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 4~5月,无心绞痛发作 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 5~6月,无心绞痛发作 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 6月以上,无心绞痛发作 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

131、呕吐常见的原因是 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 颅内压增高 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 麻醉反应 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 术后腹胀 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 肠梗塞 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 低血钾 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

132、严重挤压伤者,当伤肢局部明显肿胀,伴有静脉回流障碍时,局部处理应首先考虑Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 切开减压 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 患肢制动 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 患肢抬高     Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 理疗  Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 活血化瘀 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

133、手臂消毒法能清除 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 皮肤毛囊内的细菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 皮肤皮脂腺内的细菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 皮肤汗腺内的细菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 皮肤表面的细菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 皮肤表面及深层的细菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

134、Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

下列哪项不是外科非特异性感染常见的致病菌(    )Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 链球菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 大肠杆菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 表皮葡萄球菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 变形杆菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 梭状芽胞杆菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

135、腹部手术后1周,切口内流出大量淡红色液体,最可能的是 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 切口感染 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 切口裂开 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 切口皮下积液 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 切口内有血肿 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 病人凝血功能不全 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

136、下列哪项对中心静脉压的影响最小Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 血容量 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 静脉血管张力 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 肺动脉楔压 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 静脉回心血量 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 右心室排血能力 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

137、下列手术中那种属于限期手术 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 胃十二指肠溃疡病的胃大部切除术 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 急性阑尾炎的阑尾切除术 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 胃癌的根治性手术 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 嵌顿疝的疝修补术 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 脾破裂的脾切除术 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

138、超急性排斥反应是在移植后多长时间出现() Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 <24小时 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 几日内 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 几周内 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 几月内 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 1年内 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

139、手术前准备的最根本目的是        Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 促进切口良好愈合 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 防止术后感染 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 是病人尽可能接近于生理状态,提高对手术的耐受力 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 防止术中各种并发症发生 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 促进术后早日康复 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

140、应用血管扩张剂前应注意Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 测血压 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 了解尿量 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 控制输液 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 补足血容量 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 调整体位 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

141、下列皮瓣移植中,哪一项是错误的(    ) Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 皮瓣越薄越容易成活 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 可修复血管外露创面 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 可覆盖骨外露创面 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 自带血供 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 可修复肌腱外露创面 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

142、(62~64题) 某26岁病人,被汽枪击中左前胸,当即倒地,来院时血压测不到,神志不清,躁动不安,面色苍白,口唇微绀,颈静脉怒张,气管居中,左锁骨中线第4肋间有一直径0.5cm创口,少许渗血。此时首选的诊断方法是 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 心电图 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 胸部X线光片 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 超声心动图 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 胸腔穿刺 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 心包穿刺 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

143、癌与肉瘤的主要区别是 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 发生的部位不同 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 肿瘤的颜色不同 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 肿瘤的质地不同 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 发生的年龄不同 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 组织来源不同 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

144、腹膜炎病人有呼吸深快,二氧化碳结合力15mmoI/L,可能是Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 重度代谢性酸中毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 轻度代谢性碱中毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 轻度代谢性酸中毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 呼吸性碱中毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 中度代谢性碱中毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

145、休克病人采取何种体位最为合理Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 头低15°,足高15° Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 平卧位 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 下肢低垂10°~15° Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 侧卧位 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 头躯干抬高20°~30°,下肢抬高15°~20° Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

146、低血钾可致Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 碱中毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 酸中毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 高渗性脱水 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 等渗性脱水 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 低渗性脱水 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

147、关于丁卡因,下列哪项是正确的Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 是一种强效长时间作用的局麻药 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 常用于局部浸润麻醉 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 用于神经阻滞的浓度为0.5% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 用于神经阻滞麻醉,成人一次限量为40mg Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 以上都不对 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

148、(A3 /A4型题)男性,62岁,反复上腹部疼痛6个月伴消瘦,进食后症状加剧,查体:贫血外观,左上腹压痛,无反跳痛,未及肿物,粪便常规:隐血(++)。最能明确诊断的检查是Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 B超 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 CT Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 MRI Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 胃镜 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 腹部平片 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

149、关于病人手术区消毒时,下列哪项不正确 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 由手术区中心部向四周涂擦 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 手术区外周向瘘口周围涂擦 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 由手术区上方涂向下方 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 由手术区一侧涂向另一侧 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 无须按一定顺序 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

150、酸碱平衡调节主要依靠Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 呼吸系统 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 泌尿系统 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 血液缓冲系统 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 以上三者共同作用 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 抗利尿激素与醛固酮 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

151、(A3 /A4型题)地震现场,某工人左腰及下肢被倒塌之砖墙压住,6小时后被救出,救出后4小时送抵医院。诉口渴,尿少,呈暗红色。检查:HR120次/min,Bp88/70mmHg,左下肢明显肿胀,皮肤有散在淤血斑及水泡,足背动脉搏动较对侧弱,趾端凉,无骨折征。根据上题诊断,静脉输液宜首选 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 全血 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 右旋糖苷 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 5%葡萄糖溶液 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 等渗盐水加入1.25%碳酸氢钠 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 多巴胺 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

152、铺单后,穿戴好无菌手术衣和手套,上台准备手术,关闭切口前应注意 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 用碘仿消毒伤口一次 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 伤口内用70%酒精消毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 请麻醉师注射一次麻药后再关闭切口 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 检查体腔,核对器械、敷料无误后,才能关闭切口 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 待病人麻醉清醒后再关闭切口 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

153、对需多次输血而有发热反应的贫血病人输下列哪种成分最恰当Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 CRBC Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 新鲜全血 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 冰冻红细胞 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 洗涤红细胞 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 FFP Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

154、一般显微动脉缝合的边距相当于该血管壁厚度的几倍(    ) Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 1 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 2 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 3 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 4 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 5 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

155、手术后离床活动的时间,一般是术后 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 1~2天 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 2~3天 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 3~4天 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 4~5天 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 5天以后 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

156、有关Rh血型,下列哪项说法错误Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

      Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

     Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 汉族的Rh阳性率为99%以上,少数民族Rh阳性率相对较低。 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 D抗体原者Rh阳性,不含D抗原者Rh阴性 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 Rh阴性者,首次接受Rh阳性血,可不发生溶血反应 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 Rh阴性母亲,再次孕育Rh阳性胎儿时,可引起胎儿或新生儿溶血反应 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、  E.Rh血型不合引发的溶血反应临床较少见 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

157、手术病人一般在术前12h开始禁食、4h开始禁饮的理由是    Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

        Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 让胃肠道适当的休息 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 防止麻醉或手术过程中发生呕吐 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 减少胃肠道手术时的污染   Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 防止术后腹胀 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 减少术后排便 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

158、采用普鲁卡因局部浸润麻醉,常用浓度为Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 0.5% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 O.25% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 5% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 2.5% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 4% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

159、Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

关于丹毒的治疗,下列哪项不正确(    )Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 全身应用抗生素    Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、  同时治疗趾间感染   Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 患处外涂药物 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 抬高患肢,减少活动 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 必要时手术治疗 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

160、正常动脉血二氧化碳分压(PCO2),为Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 20~25 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 30 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 35~45 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 45~55 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 60 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

161、抗休克时常用的血管活性药物之一,小剂量时可增加心肌收缩力,并扩张肾和胃肠道等内脏器官血管,大剂量时具有a受体作用可增加外周阻力。抗休克时,主要是取其 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 扩张内脏血管的作用 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 收缩外周血管的作用 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 强心作用 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 强心作用和扩张内脏血管作用 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 强心、扩张内脏血管及收缩外周血管的作用 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

162、静脉麻醉药中,硫喷妥钠常用浓度为Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 1% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 2.5% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 0.5% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 0.25% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 5% Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

163、怀疑心脏骤停时,医务人员检査脉搏的时间不应超过Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 5 秒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 10 秒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 15 秒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 20 秒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 30 秒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

164、心肺复苏需要“尽快”开始的原因是Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 脑组织中的氧气储存只能维持4分钟 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 心脏在4分钟后将无法恢复跳动 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 脑组织4分钟后将出现溶解 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 脑组织在4分钟后将出现代谢停止 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 脑组织中储存的葡萄糖在15秒钟内将消耗殆尽 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

165、背、肩胛部多见,触诊为分叶状,可能是下列哪种肿瘤 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 脂肪瘤 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 皮样囊肿 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 神经纤维瘤 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 表皮样囊肿 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 皮脂腺囊肿 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

166、下列呼吸道方面的手术前准备中那项是错误的Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 吸烟病人必须停止吸烟1~2周 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 鼓励病人练习深呼吸和咳嗽 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 痰液稠厚者可用雾化吸入 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 哮喘经常发作者可给予地塞米松 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 咳嗽明显者可给与镇咳剂 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

167、复苏后治疗,保证一切复苏措施奏效最重要的是Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 维持良好的呼吸功能 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 确保循环功能的稳定 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 防治肾功能衰竭 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 脑复苏 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 防治感染 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

168、Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

补液试验,取等渗盐水250mI,于5~10分钟内经静脉注入。如血压不变而中心静脉压升高0.3~0.49kPa(3~5cmH2O),则提示Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

   Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 休克病因未去除B.血容量不足 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 心功能不全 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 代谢性酸中毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

高乳酸血症Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

169、对大面积烧伤患者早期补液,下列哪项是错误的(    ) Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 烧伤后第1个24小时,每1%烧伤面积(Ⅱ°、Ⅲ°)每千克体重应补胶体和晶体1.5ml(小儿2.0ml) Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 胶、晶体的比例为0.5:1,广泛深度烧伤者比例可改为0.75:0.75 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 另加以5%葡萄糖溶液补充水分2000ml Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 第2个24小时,胶、晶体为第1个24小时的一半,水分补充仍为2000ml Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 第3个24小时,烧伤面积在50%以下者可不补胶、晶体\ Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

170、低钾血症时的描述,下列哪项正确Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 兴奋躁动 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 腹胀,肠蠕动活跃 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 腱反射亢进 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 ECGT波改变,U波出现 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

心脏可突然停搏于舒张期Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

171、30岁病人,原无肺部疾病,因车祸发生休克,通气良好,但测得PaCO2结果为7kPa(52.5mmHg)。请问该病人最可能存在什么情况Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 心功能不全 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 肺泡功能不全 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 肾障碍 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 碱中毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 脑水肿 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

172、挤压综合征最常引起Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 急性肾功能衰竭          Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 呼吸困难 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 心力衰竭           Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 昏迷  Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 肝缺血坏死 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

173、已确诊为晚期胃窦癌伴幽门梗阻和大便潜血,应行      Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 急诊手术                  Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 择期手术 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 限期手术       Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 紧急手术 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 不宜手术 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

174、应用血管扩张剂的目的不包括下列哪项Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 解除小血管痉挛 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 疏通微循环 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 增加组织灌流量 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 关闭动脉短路 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 减少回心血量 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

175、在行椎管穿刺时,出现第一个落空感觉,则提示穿刺针已刺破Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 棘上韧带 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 棘间韧带 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 黄韧带 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 硬脊膜  Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 蛛网膜 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

176、暖休克以哪种微生物感染所致居多Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 革兰阴性细菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 革兰阳性细菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 病毒 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 大肠杆菌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 螺旋体 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

177、手术后早期恶心、呕吐常见的原因是     Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 颅内压增高    Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 麻醉反应 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 术后腹胀              Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 肠梗塞 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 低血钾 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

178、Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

大面积烧伤休克期病人出现烦躁,多由于Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 疼痛   Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 心理因素 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 早期毒血症   Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 血容量不足 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 以上都是 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

179、多在术后48小时左右拔除,引流物多引则可多留几日          Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、  乳胶引流片  Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 烟卷式引流 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 两者均有   Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 两者均无 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

180、24小时内输入右旋糖酐2000ml,病人伤口出血加重,其最可能原因是Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 血小板被稀释 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 凝血因子缺乏 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 DIC Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 血小板和血管壁被右旋糖酐覆盖 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 血液被稀释,凝血因子和血小板均被稀释而减少 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

181、引起低钙血症的疾病应除外Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 急性重症胰腺炎 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 骨转移癌 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甲状旁腺功能低下 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 肠瘘 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 急性肾衰 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

182、某26岁病人,被汽枪击中左前胸,当即倒地,来院时血压测不到,神志不清,躁动不安,面色苍白,口唇微绀,颈静脉怒张,气管居中,左锁骨中线第4肋间有一直径0.5cm创口,少许渗血。首先考虑的诊断是 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 张力性气胸 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 失血性休克 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 神经性休克 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 心源性休克 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 损伤性休克 Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案:Jpk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

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