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《生药学》复习题(1) 一、 单选题(共180题,50分) 1、甘草中具有解毒、抗炎、抗癌、拟制艾滋病病毒复制作用的成分为(    ) A、 甘草甜素

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 《生药学》复习题(1) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

一、 单选题(共180题,50分)

1、甘草中具有解毒、抗炎、抗癌、拟制艾滋病病毒复制作用的成分为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 甘草甜素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 甘草酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甘草次酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 甘草苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 异甘草苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

2、桔梗的药用部位为()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥藤茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3、下面哪项不是女贞子的特征()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 女贞子以果实入药 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 女贞子以种子入药 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 种子1枚,椭圆形,一侧扁平或微弯曲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 尚有少数果实具2枚种子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

4、生药粉末水合氯醛透化后,镜检,可见晶鞘纤维的生药是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 麻黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄连 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 黄芪 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

5、红花的药用部位为()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥全草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥管状花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

6、下列哪一项不是板蓝根的性状特征(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 根头部略膨大 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 根头部可见暗绿色的叶柄残基 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 质坚实,不易折断 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 皮部黄白色,木部黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 气微,味微甜而后苦涩 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

7、麝香中麝香酮不得少于 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 5% 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 4% 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 3% 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 2% 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

8、关木通中引起肾毒性的主要成分为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 木通皂苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 齐墩果酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 马兜铃酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 β-谷甾醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 豆甾醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

9、人参与三七韧皮部中的分泌组织是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 油室 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 油管 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 乳管 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 树脂道 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

10、金银花来源于() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 玄参科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 唇形科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 忍冬科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 菊科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 茜草科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

11、采用高效液相法测定靛玉红含量的生药是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 蓼大青叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 大青叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 番泻叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 青黛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 冰片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

12、黄连中起抗菌作用的主要成分为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 皂苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 多糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 有机酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 鞣质 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

13、地黄易变黑的成分是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 梓醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 含巴俄苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甾醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 甘露醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 地黄素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

14、大青叶的气孔主要类型是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 直轴式 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 平轴式 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 不等式 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 不定式 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 环式 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

15、来源为十字花科植物播娘蒿的干燥成熟种子,该生药是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 牵牛子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 菟丝子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 南葶苈子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 北葶苈子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 鹤虱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

16、阿胶的主产地是 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 青海 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 西藏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 山东 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 河北 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

17、进口西洋参的产地是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 美国、加拿大 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 法国、英国 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 印度 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 西班牙 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

18、木香的药用部位为()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥全草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

19、我国现存最早的且最完整的本草是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 《证类本草》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 《神农本草经》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 《新修本草》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 《本草纲目》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 《本草衍义》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

20、下面哪项不是黄芩的成分()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 黄芩苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 汉黄芩新苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 黄芩素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 汉黄芩素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

21、呈细小颗粒状或粉末状,色红明亮,不染手的药材为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 龙骨 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 石膏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 滑石 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 朱砂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 芒硝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

22、苦杏仁的药用部位为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥成熟果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥未成熟果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥近成熟果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥幼果 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥成熟种子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

23、肉桂横切面显微构造中具有的分泌组织是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 分泌腔 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 油管 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 油室 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 树脂道 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 油细胞与黏液细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

24、下面哪项不是薄荷的功效() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 能疏散风热 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 清利咽喉 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 止痒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 清湿热 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

25、下面哪项不是龙胆的功效()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 凉血消痈 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 清热燥湿 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 泻肝胆火 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 降血压 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

26、苦杏仁的气味为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 气微,味微苦 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 无臭,味苦 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 气微,味酸微甜 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 气微清香,味酸微涩 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 气微,味微辛,略有黏性 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

27、黄柏来源于(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 小檗科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 木犀科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 萝摩科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 五加科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 芸香科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

28、属于子囊菌的药材是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 冬虫夏草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 灵芝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 马勃 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 茯苓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 猪苓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

29、绵马贯众根茎及叶柄残基断面的维管束为(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 1个,呈“U”字形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 2~4个,环列 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 17~21个,环列 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 5~13个,环列 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 2个,呈“八”字形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

30、正品天然牛黄来源于何种动物的胆结石 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 犀牛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄牛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 水牛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 牦牛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

31、采收加工时,需反复“发汗”的中药材是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 冬虫夏草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 灵芝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 茯苓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 海藻 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 猪苓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

32、当归来源于哪个科的植物() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 唇形科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 报春花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 豆科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 伞形科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

33、箭叶淫羊藿的叶为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 一回三出复叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 二回三出复叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 一回五出复叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 二回五出复叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 单叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

34、茯苓抗肿瘤的有效成分为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 茯苓聚糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 茯苓次聚糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 茯苓酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 麦角甾醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 茯苓聚糖分解酶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

35、下列哪项不是天麻横切面的显微特征() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 较老块茎皮层与下皮相接处有2~3列椭圆形厚壁细胞,木化,纹孔明显 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 表皮有时残存;下皮为2~3列切向延长的栓化细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 中柱大,有多数小型有限外韧型或周韧型维管束散列 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 薄壁细胞含草酸钙针晶束,并含长圆形或类圆形多糖团块或颗粒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 内皮层外侧有分泌腔散在,有石细胞,薄壁细胞中含有菊糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

36、下面哪项不是薄荷的成分()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 薄荷醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 薄荷酮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 胡薄荷酮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 乙薄荷酯 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

37、山楂的药用部位为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥成熟果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥未成熟果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥近成熟果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥幼果 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥成熟种子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

38、三七的气味是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 气微香,味淡 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 气微香,味苦 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 气微,味微苦涩 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 气微,味苦回甜 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

39、草麻黄的主要成分是(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 左旋麻黄碱、右旋伪麻黄碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 左旋伪麻黄碱、右旋麻黄碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 左旋甲基麻黄碱、右旋甲基麻黄碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 左旋去甲基麻黄碱、右旋去甲基麻黄碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

40、下面哪项不是黄芩的显微特征()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 石细胞呈长方形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 韧皮纤维梭形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 木薄壁细胞纺锤形,中央有横隔 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 韧皮薄壁细胞纺锤形,中央有横隔 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

41、含有松根的茯苓块称为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 白茯苓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 茯神木 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 茯苓块 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 茯神 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 赤茯苓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

42、记载药物最多、科学性最强,对后世影响最大的本草著作是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 《证类本草》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 《植物名实图考》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 《本草纲目》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 《新修本草》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 《神农本草经》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

43、下面哪项不是马钱子的特征()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 马钱子呈纽扣状 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 表面密生匍匐的银灰色毛,有绢丝状光泽 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 质坚硬,难破碎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 子叶心形,菲薄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

44、麻黄的主要成分为(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 挥发油 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 蒽醌类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 鞣质 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄酮类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

45、麻黄的生物碱主要存在于麻黄茎的(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 表皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 皮层 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 髓部 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 木质部 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 韧皮部 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

46、真菌为了渡过不良环境,菌丝体上的菌丝密结、特化所形成的质地坚硬的菌丝休眠体叫做(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 根状菌索 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 子座 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 菌核 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 子实体 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

47、能“挂甲”的中药是 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 熊胆 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 牛黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 蟾酥 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 麝香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

48、粉末中既可见分枝状石细胞,又可见晶鞘纤维的是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 肉桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 苍术 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

49、黄芪的主要成分是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 鞣质 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 有机酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 皂苷和黄酮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 挥发油 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

50、党参的药用部位为()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥藤茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

51、下面哪项不是龙胆的成分()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 龙胆苦苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 当药苦苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 当药苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 龙胆苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

52、下面哪项不是秦皮乙素的作用()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 有止咳祛痰的作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 有显著平喘活性 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 有松弛气管平滑肌作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 有对抗组胺作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

53、朱砂条痕显() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 樱红色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 白色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 红色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 绿黑色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 浅橘黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

54、莪术类生药的性状鉴定主要特征() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 根茎入药,环节多明显,有下陷的芽痕或点状须根痕,气香,具辛苦味 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 块根入药,无环节,表面无点状须根痕,多呈纺锤形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 纵切面棕黄色或金黄色,角质状,咀嚼时唾液染黄色,具气香特异 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 生药粉末加水湿润后,涂指甲可染成黄色,具气香特异 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 根茎生品为纵切的厚片,咀嚼时唾液不能染成黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

55、蓼大青叶的显微特征是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 草酸钙簇晶及晶鞘纤维 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 非腺毛的细胞多列 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 直轴式气孔 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 不等式气孔 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 多层树脂道 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

56、临时装片中加入苏丹Ⅲ试液,木栓化或角质化细胞壁染成() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 红色或紫红色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 橘红色至红色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 蓝色或紫色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 橙黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

57、有不规则分枝状石细胞和油细胞的药材是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 关木通 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 沉香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 肉桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 厚朴、 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

58、主要成分是小檗碱的生药是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 杜仲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 肉桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 五加皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

59、绵马贯众叶柄横切片,滴加1%香草醛溶液及盐酸,镜检,间隙腺毛呈(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 红色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 蓝色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 绿色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 棕褐色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

60、三年生人参的原植物Panax ginsen 习称()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 灯台 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 二甲子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 巴掌 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 三花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

61、苦杏仁的形状为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 扁圆形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 扁卵形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 扁心脏形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 圆肾形而稍扁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 菱状方形或短圆柱形,两端平行倾斜 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

62、延胡索的主要镇痛、镇静成分为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 延胡索甲素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 延胡索乙素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 延胡索丙素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 延胡索丁素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

63、主含靛玉红、靛蓝、虫漆蜡醇、β-谷甾醇等成分的生药是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 大青叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 蓼大青叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 番泻叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 石韦 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 紫苏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

64、生药粉末在显微镜下可以看到晶鞘纤维的是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 人参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 当归 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

65、具有消食作用的生药是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 五味 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 陈皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 苦杏仁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 山楂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

66、半夏炮制过程中加甘草—石灰液的是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 清半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 法半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 生半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 姜半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 甘半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

67、药材外层二片鳞叶呈“怀中抱月”形,顶端闭合,底部平的川贝母称() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 松贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 青贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 炉贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 珠贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 大贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

68、粉末用HCl润湿后,在光洁的铜片上摩擦,铜片表面显银白色的光泽,加热烘烤后,银白色消失的药材为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 朱砂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 石膏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 磁石 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 赭石 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 芒硝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

69、半夏的药用部位为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 地上部分 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 块茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 藤茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

70、下面哪项不是丹参的显微特征()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 木栓组织 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 外皮层有的细胞由纵向壁分隔成2个小细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 内皮层细胞被纵向壁分隔成数个小细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 木质部束6~8束,导管呈“V”字形排列 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

71、药典用于评价冬虫夏草质量的指标成分为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 腺膘呤 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 腺嘌呤核苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 腺苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 虫草素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 麦角甾醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

72、粉防己药材的横断面特征是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 菊花心 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 车轮纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 朱砂点 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 大理石样花纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 云锦纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

73、绵马贯众的主要化学成分是 (    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 黄酮类化合物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 间苯三酚衍生物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 环烯醚萜化合物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

74、金银花的非腺毛有()种4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 1 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 2 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 3 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 4 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 5 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

75、同一种植物的不同器官可分别作板蓝根、大青叶、青黛入药的是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 蓼蓝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 菘蓝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 罗布麻 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 马蓝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 薄荷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

76、观察单个菌丝的装片方法为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 5%氢氧化钾装片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 水或稀甘油装片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 水合氯醛透化装片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 碘化钾—碘试液装片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 α-萘酚—浓硫酸装片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

77、下面哪项不是丹参的成分()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 丹参酮ⅡC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 异丹参酮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 隐丹参酮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 羟基丹参酮Ⅰ 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

78、首创按药物自然属性分类的本草著作是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 《神农本草经》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 《本草纲目》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 《本草原始》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 《本草经集注》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 《证类本草》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

79、药用部位为多种大青叶经加工制得的粉末或团块的是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 青黛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 儿茶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 五倍子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 冰片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 海金沙 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

80、冬虫夏草的药用部位是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 虫体及全草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 孢子囊 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 菌核 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 子座及幼虫尸体的复合体 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 子座及蛹虫尸体的复合体 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

81、下面哪项不是黄芩的功效()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 疏散风热 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 清湿热 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 泻火 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 安胎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

82、石细胞呈马蹄形增厚或三面增厚的生药是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 肉桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 香加皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 厚朴 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 杜仲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

83、川贝母的功效是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 清热润肺、化痰止咳 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 养阴生津、润肺清心 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 平喘镇咳、镇痛解痉 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 温中散寒、回阳通脉 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 燥湿化痰,消痞散结 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

84、半夏的粉末特征中有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 草酸钙针晶束 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 草酸钙簇晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 草酸钙方晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 草酸钙棱晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 砂晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

85、皮类药材内表面刻划后可显油痕的是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 厚朴 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 白鲜皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 杜仲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 牡丹皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 地骨皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

86、天麻为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 兰科天麻的根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 兰科天麻的块茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 姜科天麻的块茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 兰科天麻的根与根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 兰科天麻的块根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

87、板蓝根水煎液置紫外灯下观察,其荧光颜色是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 蓝紫色荧光 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄棕色荧光 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 蓝色荧光 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 棕红色荧光 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 淡绿色荧光 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

88、粉末显微鉴别时,可察见嵌晶纤维的药材是(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 穿心莲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 广藿香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 麻黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 薄荷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

89、根茎薄壁组织中有间隙腺毛的药材是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 延胡索 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 何首乌 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 绵马贯众 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 狗脊 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 大黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

90、《中国药典》中甘草含量测定的成分为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 甘草甜素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 甘草酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甘草次酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 甘草黄酮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 异甘草苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

91、中国最早的一部具药典性质的本草是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 《神农本草经》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 《证类本草》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 《本草纲目》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 《新修本草》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 《本草蒙筌》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

92、木通主含() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 三萜皂苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 有机酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 环烯醚萜苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 蛋白质 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

93、五味子的主要有效成分为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 木脂素类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 有机酸类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 挥发油类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 脂肪酸类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 生物碱类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

94、将肉桂皮部两端削成外短内长的斜面,夹在木制凹凸板中压成的两侧向内卷曲的浅槽状的商品,习称为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 企边桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 桂通 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 板桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 桂皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 官桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

95、冬虫夏草的每个子囊内有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 大量菌丝,其间有裂隙 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 卵形至椭圆形的子囊壳 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 2~8个线形、有横隔的子囊孢子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 8个卵形至椭圆形的子囊孢子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 末端钝圆的分枝状团块 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

96、麻黄的药用部位是(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 全草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 地上部分 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 木质茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 草质茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

97、所含皂苷为甾体皂苷的生药是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 人参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 麦冬 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 远志 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 桔梗 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

98、下列生药中具有“异型维管束”的是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 知母 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 当归 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 柴胡 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 牛膝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

99、下面哪项不是连翘的特征() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 果实呈狭卵形至卵形,似花瓶状 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 表面有不规则的纵皱纹及多数淡黄色瘤点 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 连翘果实不开裂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 种子着生于纵隔顶部两侧 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

100、砂仁的生长环境是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 生于南亚热带,山谷林下阴湿地 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 高寒地域 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 海拔 2000~3000m的山地 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 田野、溪边 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 我国长江以北 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

101、马鹿茸有二个分枝者称为 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 二杠 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 单门 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 三岔 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 莲花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

102、山楂的外表面有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 突起的刺状棕色小点 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 多数不规则的深皱纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 白霜 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 灰白色的小点 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

103、黄柏栓内层细胞中含(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 草酸钙针晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 草酸钙簇晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 草酸钙砂晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 草酸钙柱晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 草酸钙方晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

104、大青叶的来源为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 蔷薇科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 十字花科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 柏科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 豆科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 夹竹桃科 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

105、以子实体入药的是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 灵芝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 冬虫夏草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 松萝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 茯苓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 雷丸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

106、冬虫夏草的药材拉丁名是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 Polyporus 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 Poria 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 Cordyceps 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 Ganoderma 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 Omphalia 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

107、下面哪项不是丹参的显微特征()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 木栓层细胞含紫棕色物质 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 皮层较狭 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 形成层呈环 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 木质部8~10多束,呈放射状 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

108、药材数粒,加水研磨,产生苯甲醛特殊气味的药材是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 五味子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 苦杏仁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 巴豆 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 山楂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

109、主成分为异喹啉类生物碱的是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 杜仲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 牡丹皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 香加皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

110、冬虫夏草虫体有足8对,其中(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 头部三对最明显 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 中部四对最明显 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 头部四对最明显 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 中部三对最明显 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

111、下列哪项不是甘草的粉末特征(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 晶鞘纤维 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 石细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 具缘纹孔导管 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 木栓细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 棕色块状物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

112、黄柏横切面可见(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 油细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 油室 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 油管 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 树脂道 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黏液细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

113、洋金花的功效为()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 清肺热,止咳 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 祛痰止咳 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 清热解毒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 平喘止咳,镇痛、解痉 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 清热生津、凉血 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

114、2.5%鹿茸水提液加2%茚三酮溶液,加热煮沸,溶液应呈 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 红色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 棕褐色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 蓝紫色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

115、沉香的药用部分是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 根及根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 未开放的花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 含树脂心材 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥柱头 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

116、全蝎身体的后部呈狭长的尾状,属于 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 剑尾 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 后腹部 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 步足 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 后体部 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

117、按高效液相色谱法测定,冬虫夏草含腺苷不得少于(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 0.01% 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 0.10% 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 1.0% 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 2.0% 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 10.0% 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

118、下列生药中具有抗病毒作用的是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 天麻 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 何首乌 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 沉香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 贯叶金丝桃 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

119、味苦,嚼之有黏性,可使唾液染成黄色的药材为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 厚朴 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 秦皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 杜仲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

120、皮部折断后有细密的、银白色(富有弹性)的橡胶丝相连的生药是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 地骨皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 牡丹皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 杜仲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 桑白皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

121、当归主产于()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 四川省 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 浙江省 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甘肃省 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 吉林省 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

122、“胆黄”是指 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 雉科动物鸡卵的卵细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 牛黄的中心部分 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 取自胆囊的牛黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 取自胆管或肝管的牛黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

123、不属于冬虫夏草性状特征的是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 虫体黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 虫体有环纹20~30条 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 子座侧生,多分枝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 腹部有足8对 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 气微腥,味微苦 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

124、Herba Ephedrae的最佳采收期为(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 春季 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 夏季 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 秋季 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 冬季 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 四季皆可 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

125、来自伞形科植物的根类生药,具有皂苷类反应的是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 白芷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 柴胡 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 防风 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 当归 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

126、下列生药显微特征中含分泌腔的是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 金银花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 麻黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 贯叶金丝桃 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

127、中药蟾酥中具显著兴奋呼吸和升压作用的成分是 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 脂蟾毒配基 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 蟾毒灵 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 蟾酥碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 氨基酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

128、秦皮的水或乙醇浸出液在可见光下显() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 碧蓝色荧光 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 金黄色荧光 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 棕色荧光 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 黄色荧光 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 紫色荧光 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

129、含草酸钙方晶的皮类药材有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 厚朴 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 牡丹皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 肉桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 秦皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

130、苦杏仁与水共研后产生一种特殊香气,这是因为释放出了(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 氢氰酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 苯甲醛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 苦杏仁苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 挥发油 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

131、砂仁属于哪类生药() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 动物类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 全草类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 果实类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 菌类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 蕨类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

132、黄柏的断面特征为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 较平坦,粉性 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 外部颗粒性,内部纤维性 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 不平坦,中间有1条黄棕色的线纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 纤维性,呈裂片状分层 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 有细密,银白色,富弹性的胶丝相连 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

133、苦杏仁的有效成分是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 苦杏仁苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 苦杏仁酶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 樱苷酶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 苯甲醛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 脂肪油 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

134、延胡索的主产地是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 四川 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 甘肃 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 浙江 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 陕西 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 河南 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

135、主含靛玉红、靛蓝、色胺酮、黑芥子苷等成分的生药是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 大青叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 蓼大青叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 番泻叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 石韦 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 紫苏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

136、大黄中起泻下作用的主要成分为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 皂苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 多糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 结合蒽醌 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 游离蒽醌 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 鞣质 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

137、木通的药用部位为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥藤茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥树皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

138、麝香粉末镜检不应见到() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 分泌物团块 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 结晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 表皮组织碎片及油滴 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 淀粉粒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

139、延胡索的主要成分是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 香豆素类成分 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 环烯醚萜苷类成分 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 蒽醌类成分 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 生物碱类成分 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄酮类成分 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

140、附子的药用部位为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥藤茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥子根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

141、杜仲中的降压有效成分是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 桃叶珊瑚苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 松脂醇二-β-D葡萄糖苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 β-谷甾醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 白桦脂醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 杜仲胶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

142、野生天麻的生长环境是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 海拔1200~1800m的林下阴湿、腐殖质较厚的地方 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 平原地区 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 生于向阳、肥沃的山坡上 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 田野、溪边 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

143、气孔内陷,保卫细胞侧面观呈哑铃形或电话听筒状的药材是(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 薄荷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 广藿香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 金钱草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 穿心莲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 麻黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

144、黄连的药用部位为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥藤茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥树皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

145、我国已知最早的药物学专著是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 《本草纲目》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 《证类本草》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 《神农本草经》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 《新修本草》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 《本草经集注》 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

146、洋金花来源于()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 毛曼陀罗 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 白花曼陀罗 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 木曼陀罗 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 重瓣曼陀罗 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 无刺曼陀罗 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

147、下面哪项不是丹参的功效()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 凉血消痈 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 清湿热 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 活血调经 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 祛瘀止痛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

148、灵芝的药用部分是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 菌核 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 菌丝体 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 子座 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 子实体 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

149、花鹿茸有二个分枝者称为 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 二杠 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 单门 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 三岔 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 莲花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

150、以下哪项不是国产沉香的性状()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 表面可见棕黑色树脂斑块与黄白色木部相间的斑纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 质坚硬而重,皆能沉水或半沉水 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 气芳香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 燃烧时,发出浓烟及强烈香气并有黑色油状物渗出 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

151、桔梗的有效成分是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 乳汁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 菊糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 蛋白质 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 三萜皂苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

152、附子的毒性成分为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 单酯类二萜生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 双酯类二萜生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 异喹啉类生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 甾体皂苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 环烯醚萜苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

153、肉桂中有镇静、镇痛和解热作用的有效成分是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 桂皮醛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 乙酸桂皮酯 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 香豆素类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 桂皮酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 苯甲醛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

154、孕妇和肝、肾功能不全的患者禁服的药为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 龙骨 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 石膏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 磁石 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 朱砂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 琥珀 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

155、种皮中散有近圆形的橙黄色石细胞的药材为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 苦杏仁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 马钱子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 五味子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 枸杞子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

156、下面哪项不是薄荷的显微特征()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 有扁球形腺鳞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 可见小腺毛和非腺毛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 叶肉细胞、薄壁细胞及部分导管中可见橙皮苷结晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 平轴式气孔 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

157、麦冬的来源是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 兰科植物的块茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 百合科植物的鳞茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 葫芦科植物的假鳞茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 百合科植物的块茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 百合科植物的块根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

158、冬虫夏草的气味为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 气腥,味咸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 气微,味微甜 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 气微,味淡而黏牙 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 气微腥,味微苦 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 气微,味微苦,有黏性,久嚼无渣 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

159、厚朴的主产地是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 四川、湖北、浙江 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 山西、山东 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 吉林、辽宁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 甘肃、青海 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 福建、广西、广东 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

160、何首乌的药用部位为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥藤茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥块根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥树皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

161、人参来源于五加科人参的根,其主根横切面应没有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 木栓层 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 树脂道 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 韧皮部 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 髓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

162、黄柏置紫外光灯下观察,断面显(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 蓝色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 亮淡绿色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 亮蓝紫色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 亮黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 棕黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

163、下列____火煅毒性大增,应忌火煅() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 龙骨 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 石膏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 磁石 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 朱砂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 琥珀 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

164、茵陈的药用部位为()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥地上部分 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

165、甘草的药用部分是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 根及根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 地上茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

166、某贝母商品,呈长圆锥形,表面类白色,稍粗糙,常有黄棕色斑块;外层两瓣鳞片大小相近,顶端开口;断面粗糙,白色,粉性;气微。它应是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 松贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 珠贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 炉贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 青贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 平贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

167、粉末中可见晶鞘纤维的生药是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 天麻 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 肉桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 杜仲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

168、甘草中具镇痉,抗溃疡作用的主要成分为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 三萜类化合物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄酮类化合物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 香豆素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 多糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

169、进口沉香的形状和表面特征是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 呈不规则块状,片状或盔帽状,有可见黑褐色或棕褐色树脂斑块,大多不沉水 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 呈不规则棒状,密布棕黑色细纵纹,大多能沉水 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 呈圆柱状或不规则棒状,密布棕黑色细纵纹,能沉水或半沉水 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 呈长条形或不规则块状,表面紫红色,富油性 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 呈块状,圆柱形或盔帽状,密布棕黑色细纵纹,能沉水或半沉水 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: E 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

170、在性状鉴别中具有“狮子盘头”的生药为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 三七 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 桔梗 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 防风 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 天麻 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄芪 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: A 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

171、川贝母来源于 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 兰科植物的块茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 百合科植物的鳞茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 葫芦科植物的假鳞茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 百合科植物的块茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 百合科植物的块根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

172、下列药物具有强心作用的是 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 水蛭 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 蛤蚧 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 鹿茸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 蟾酥 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

173、蓼大青叶的气孔轴式多见() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 不等式 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 不定式 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 直轴式 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 平轴式 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 环式 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

174、以下哪种药材中不含草酸钙结晶(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 大黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄芪 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 牛膝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 人参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

175、黄柏药材在显微镜下观察,应没有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 鲜黄色的晶鞘纤维 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黏液细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 淀粉粒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 导管 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

176、木香的功效是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 疏肝止痛,助阳止泻毒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 行气止痛,健脾消食 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 破气消积,散寒止痛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 理气调中,温肾助阳 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 行气调中,温脾化痰 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

177、主产地为云南的生药是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 人参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 三七 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 黄芪 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 五味子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

178、莪术属哪类生药() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 双子叶植物根茎类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 全草类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 单子叶植物根茎类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 鳞茎类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 块根类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: C 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

179、下列生药中药用部位为干燥地上部分的是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 贯叶金丝桃 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 茯苓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 苦杏仁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: B 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

180、取粉末少量撒入炽热坩埚中灼烧,初则迸裂,随即熔化膨胀起泡,油点似珠,香气浓烈,灰化后呈白色或灰色残渣者为 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 沉香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 降香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 乳香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 麝香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: D 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

二、 多选题(共102题,50分)

1、有害物质的检查主要包括() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 农药残留量的测定 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄曲霉素的检查 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 重金属的检查 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 微量元素的分析 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 无机盐类成分的检查 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

2、草麻黄的鉴别特征有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 细长圆柱形,少分枝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 节间长1~2cm 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 膜质鳞叶2裂(稀3),先端反卷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 断面髓部红棕色,近圆形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 味涩、微苦 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3、根据肉桂的生长年限和加工方法不同,商品规格有多种() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 油桂筒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 桂碎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 板桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 企边桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 桂枝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

4、砂仁的显微主要鉴别特征有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 种皮表皮细胞1层,径向延长,壁厚,外被厚角质层 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 油细胞为一列切向延长的薄壁细胞,内含油滴 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 油细胞内含油滴与含深棕色色素的细胞间隔排列成1列 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 内种皮杯状径向延长的栅状厚壁细胞,内壁和径向壁极度增厚,而外壁薄,使胞腔偏于外侧,内含硅质块 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 内种皮石细胞具明显径向长方形,胞腔近似三角形,内含硅质块 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

5、茯苓粉末的显微特征为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 无色颗粒状或分枝状团块 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 无色菌丝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 棕色菌丝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 草酸钙方晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 淀粉粒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

6、以下哪些生药的主要成分是生物碱类化合物() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 川乌 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 五味子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 洋金花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 厚朴 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

7、甘草的性状特征为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 圆锥形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 外皮红棕色、暗棕色或灰褐色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 横断面纤维性,有裂隙 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 具明显的形成层环纹及放射状纹理 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 气微,味甜而特殊 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: BCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

8、下列关于贯叶金丝桃说法正确的有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 贯叶金丝桃的药用部位为根状茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 贯叶金丝桃含双蒽酮化合物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 贯叶金丝桃有清热利湿的作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 金丝桃素具有抗抑郁作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 贯叶金丝桃粉末镜下可见大量油细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: BCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

9、下列哪些药材经加热处理,使其中所含的酶失去活性,便于苷类成分药效的保存(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 麻黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄芩 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 黄连 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 苦杏仁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: BD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

10、显微特征中有分枝状石细胞的生药有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 厚朴 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 苍术 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 黄芩 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 牡丹皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄柏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: AE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

11、人参常见的掺伪品有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 商陆 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 华山参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 土人参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 桔梗 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 野豇豆根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

12、绵马贯众叶柄基部横切面特征为(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 最外是表皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 有厚壁细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 有基本组织 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 有限外韧型维管束 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 薄壁细胞间隙中有腺毛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

13、来源于茄科的生药是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 黄芩 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 地黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 颠茄草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 金银花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 洋金花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: CE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

14、下列植物为蓼科的有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 何首乌 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 虎杖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 掌叶大黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 牛膝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 王不留行 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

15、肉桂横切面显微特征是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 最内一层栓细胞外壁特厚 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 中柱鞘部位有石细胞环带 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 射线细胞中含草酸钙针晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 导管网纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 油细胞类圆形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

16、天麻的功效与临床应用() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 平肝息风止痉 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 用于治疗头痛眩晕、肢体麻木 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 具有增智、健脑、延缓衰老的作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 小儿惊风、癫痫抽搐 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 破伤风等病症 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

17、藻类中药主要来自于(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 裸藻门 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 甲藻门 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 褐藻门 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 红藻门 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 绿藻门 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: CDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

18、下列化合物中属于萜类化合物的有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 冬凌草甲素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 青蒿素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 水飞蓟素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 穿心莲内酯 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 大黄素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

19、厚朴的功效有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 燥湿 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 行气 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 活血 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 消积 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 平喘 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

20、醌类的鉴别方法主要有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 Bornträger’s反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 无色亚甲基反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 异羟肟酸铁反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 与金属络合反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 Feigl反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

21、以下哪些是青黛的鉴别特征(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 粉末呈深蓝色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 撒于水中能浮于水面 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 入水则下沉 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 多孔性团块手搓即呈粉末状 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 微有草腥气,味淡 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

22、红花粉末的显微特征有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 花粉粒深黄色,类圆形、椭圆形或橄榄形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 碳酸钙方晶存在于薄壁细胞中 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 分泌细胞呈长管状 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 花冠裂片顶端表皮细胞外壁突起呈短绒毛状 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 柱头及花柱上部表皮细胞分化成圆锥单细胞毛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

23、何首乌主含(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 二苯乙烯苷类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 蒽醌类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 儿茶精类化合物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 卵磷脂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 皂苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

24、牛黄的鉴别特征有 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 断面金黄色,有排列整齐的层纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 能“挂甲” 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 味先苦后微甜具清凉感 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 质坚体轻 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

25、以动物的病理产物入药的是 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 珍珠 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 熊胆 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 牛黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 麝香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

26、下列哪些属于动物类生药 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 地龙 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 牡蛎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 石决明 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 海螵蛸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

27、麻黄的粉末显微特征有(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 嵌晶纤维 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 晶纤维 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 内陷气孔 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 表皮及角质层 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 棕色块 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

28、莪术的功效(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 行气破瘀 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 温脾止泻 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 消积止痛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 止血化痰 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 理气安胎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: AC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

29、附子一般加工为下列哪些品种(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 盐附子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黑顺片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 黄顺片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 白附片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 酒附子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

30、淫羊藿的药用部位有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥叶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: BE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

31、桔梗的药理作用有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 祛痰与镇咳作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 引产和抗早孕作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 降血糖作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 抗溃疡作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 抗炎作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

32、下列植物为毛茛科的有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 何首乌 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄连 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 川乌 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 牛膝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 毛茛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: BCE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

33、灵芝的主成分为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 灵芝多糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 灵芝酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 腺苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 赤芝孢子内脂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 甘露醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

34、黄酮类的鉴别方法主要有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 盐酸-镁粉反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 四氢硼钠反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 硼酸显色反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 与金属络合反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 碱性试剂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

35、强心苷类成分的显色反应包括有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 Legal反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 Kedde反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 Keller-Kiliani反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 占吨氢醇反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 异羟肟酸铁反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

36、糖类成分的主要鉴别反应有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 Molish反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 Fehling反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 糖脎试验 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 FeCl3反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 盐酸-镁粉反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

37、麦冬的显微鉴别特征有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 表皮细胞1列,根被细胞3~5列,壁木化 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 皮层宽广,散有含针晶束的黏液细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 内皮层细胞壁增厚,有通道细胞,外侧为1列石细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 木质部束木化组织连接成环 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 无髓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

38、麝香的鉴别特征有 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 有特异香气 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 镜检可见木纤维 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 镜检可见颗粒集成的块状物中埋有方形,柱形或八面体形结晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 有“冒槽”现象 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

39、木通的功效() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 清心火 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 止血化痰 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 利小便 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 通经下乳 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 清肝明目 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

40、半夏的拉丁名为____    ,英文名为____  。 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

41、临床上应用的半夏有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 清半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 法半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 生半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 姜半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 炒半夏 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

42、香豆素的鉴别方法主要有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 异羟肟酸铁反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 B. Fehling反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 Gibbs反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 Emerson反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 Molish反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

43、下列生药显微特征中可见到石细胞的有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 防己 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 砂仁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 苍术 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 苦杏仁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 麦冬 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

44、天麻的性状鉴别特征有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 块茎呈长椭圆形,扁缩而稍弯曲 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 表面黄白色或淡黄棕色,略透明,具不规则纵皱纹,有由潜伏芽排列成的多轮点状斑痕组成的环纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 表面有节状横纹,顶部茎基已除去,基部钝圆 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 末端有自母麻脱落后的圆脐形瘢痕 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 顶端有红棕色芽苞或残留茎基和茎痕 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

45、黄连主产于(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 四川 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 辽宁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 新疆 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 云南 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 浙江 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: AD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

46、淫羊藿主含() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 三萜皂苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 多糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 环烯醚萜苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄酮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: CE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

47、板蓝根含有以下哪些成分(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 靛蓝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 靛玉红 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 芥子苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 挥发油 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

48、下列植物为木通科的有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 木通 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 小木通 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 木通马兜铃 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 三叶木通 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 白木通 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ADE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

49、川贝母的商品规格有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 青贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 松贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 大贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 炉贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 珠贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

50、菌类中药常含有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 多糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 氨基酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 蛋白质 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 叶绿素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

51、桔梗的性状鉴别特征是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 断面不平坦,形成层环棕色,皮部类白色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 表面黄白色或淡棕黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 呈圆柱形或略呈纺锤形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 横切面可见黄色小孔(导管)略呈放射状排列 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 无臭,味微甜后苦 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

52、伞形科入药的生药有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 白芷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 当归 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 川芎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 柴胡 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

53、以下对赤芝的鉴别特征描述正确的是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 菌盖半圆形、肾形或近圆形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 菌柄侧生,少偏生 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 菌肉锈褐色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 气微香,味苦、涩 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 孢子卵形,顶端平截,外壁光滑,内壁有疣状突起 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

54、生物碱的沉淀试剂主要有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 碘化铋钾试剂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 硅钨酸试剂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 Legal试剂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 Kedde试剂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 E试剂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: AB 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

55、三七主产于() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 云南 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 广西 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 湖南 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 湖北 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: AB 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

56、砂仁的功效() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 化湿开胃 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 温脾止泻 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 理气安胎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 止血化痰 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 清肝明目 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

57、麝香的粉末镜检可以看到 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 分泌物团块 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 柱状、八面体或不规则的晶体 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 圆形油滴 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 淀粉粒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

58、麻黄的原植物包括 (    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 丽江麻黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 草麻黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 木贼麻黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 中麻黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 木贼 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: BCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

59、麦冬的性状特征有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 块根呈纺锤形,两端略尖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 表面黄白色,有细皱纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 质柔韧 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 断面黄白色,半透明,中柱细小 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 气微香,味微甘 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

60、山楂主含(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 有机酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 木脂素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 皂苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄酮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: BDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

61、木通横切面的显微特征为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 木栓细胞数列,常含有褐色内含物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 栓内层细胞有的含草酸钙小棱晶,含晶细胞壁不规则加厚,微木化 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 皮层细胞6~10列,有的含草酸钙针晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 草酸钙簇晶存在于栓内层及射线细胞中 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 中柱鞘由含晶纤维束与含晶石细胞群交替排列成连续的浅波浪形环带 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

62、半夏横切面的显微特征为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 有10余列木栓细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 导管常数个成群排列 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 黏液细胞椭圆形,内含草酸钙针晶束 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 基本组织含油细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 基本组织含淀粉粒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

63、有适应原样作用,能增强机体对非特异性刺激防御能力的生药有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 肉桂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 人参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 五味子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄芪 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: BDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

64、大黄的功效(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 泻热通肠 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 止血化痰 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 凉血解毒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 逐瘀通经 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 清肝明目 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

65、防己的性状鉴别特征是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 猪大肠状 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 表面弯曲处有深陷的横沟 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 质坚实,断面纤维性 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 断面可见“车轮纹” 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 气微,味淡 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

66、含人参皂苷类成分的生药有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 人参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 三七 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 大黄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 黄芪 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: AC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

67、冬虫夏草子座横切面可见(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 子座周围有1列卵形至椭圆形子囊壳 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 子囊壳全埋于凹陷的子座内 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 子囊壳内有多数线形子囊 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 每个子囊内有2~8个线形的子囊孢子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 子座中央充满菌丝,其间有裂隙 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

68、大黄根茎粉末的显微特征主要有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 草酸钙簇晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 草酸钙小棱晶,含晶细胞壁不规则加厚 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 皮层细胞6~10列,有的含草酸钙针晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 具缘纹孔、网纹、螺纹及环纹导管非木化 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 淀粉粒甚多,单粒类球形或多角形,复粒由2~8分粒组成 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ADE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

69、莪术的成分有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 莪术醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 莪术酮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 莪术双酮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 异龙脑、樟脑 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 α-蒎烯和β-蒎烯等 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

70、朱砂的形状特征有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 呈颗粒状,粉末状或块片状; 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 表面鲜红色或暗红色; 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 条痕红色具光泽; 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 质重而脆; 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 气微、无味。 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

71、下列植物为小檗科的有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 何首乌 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 黄连 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 淫羊藿 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 牛膝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 三颗针 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: CE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

72、三萜化合物在无水条件下的颜色反应有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 醋酐-浓硫酸反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 五氯化锑反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 氯仿-浓硫酸反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 Bornträger’s反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 异羟肟酸铁反应 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

73、下列药材中来源于百合科植物的是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 麦冬 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 知母 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 玉竹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 百部 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 川贝母 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

74、Ephedra sinica Stapf可供药用的部位是(    )4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 草质茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 木质茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 种子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: AB 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

75、常用于生药成分分析的色谱法包括() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 薄层色谱法 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 比色法 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 气相色谱法 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 高效液相色谱法 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 高效毛细管电泳法 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

76、以下关于洋金花性状的描述正确的是()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 多皱缩成条状,完整者长9~15cm 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 花萼呈压扁的筒状,灰绿色或灰黄色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 雄蕊4,花丝贴生于花冠筒内 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 雌蕊1,柱头棒状 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 晒干品质脆易碎,烘干品质柔韧 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

77、红花的药理作用有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 心血管作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 引产和抗早孕作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 平滑肌作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 抗凝血、血栓作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 抗菌作用 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

78、麦冬含(   ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 麦冬皂苷(ophiopogonin)A、B等 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 麦冬黄酮A,B等 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 植物甾醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 单糖类和寡糖类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 挥发油 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: AB 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

79、下列哪些生药的主要成分是皂苷类化合物(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 柴胡 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 人参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 三七 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 桔梗 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

80、国产人参商品规格包括() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 生晒参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 红参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 糖参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 高丽参 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

81、冬虫夏草子座头部横切面可见(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 子座周围1列子囊壳 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 子囊壳下半部埋生于子座内 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 子囊壳内有多数线形子囊 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 每个子囊内有2~8个线形的子囊孢子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 具不育顶端(子座先端部分无子囊壳) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

82、下列化合物中属于环烯醚萜(iridoid)衍生物的有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 青蒿素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 京尼平苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 栀子苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 玄参苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 龙胆苦苷 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: BCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

83、朱砂的功效(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 清心镇惊 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 安神解毒 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 泻热通便 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 清火消肿 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 润燥软坚 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: AB 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

84、蟾酥中含有 ()成分 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 蟾毒配基类化合物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 吲哚类 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 甾醇 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 肾上腺素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

85、冬虫夏草含有的主要成分为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 生物碱 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 粗蛋白及氨基酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 虫草素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 虫草酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 虫草多糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

86、中麻黄的横切面特征有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 表皮细胞外被较厚的角质层 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 表皮两脊线间有内陷气孔 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 形成层环类圆形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 维管束12~15个 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 无环髓纤维 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

87、珍珠的化学成分主要有 () 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 碳酸钙 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 氨基酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 类胡萝卜素 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 牛磺酸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

88、木香的性状特征有() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 木栓层为多列木栓细胞,有时可见残存的落皮层 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 木质部导管束径向交叉排列;木纤维存在于近形成层处及中心的导管旁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 韧皮部宽广,纤维束散在 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 韧皮部、木质部中均有大的圆形或椭圆形油室散在,内常贮有棕红色油滴 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 薄壁细胞中含菊糖 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

89、赤芝的性状特征是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 菌盖半圆形或肾形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 皮壳红褐色,具环棱纹和辐射皱纹 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 菌肉锈褐色 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 菌柄生于菌盖下部的中央 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 无漆样光泽 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: AB 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

90、甘草粉末中可见(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 晶鞘纤维 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 草酸钙方晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 类圆形石细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 具缘纹孔导管 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 油室碎片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

91、甘草的原植物为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 乌拉尔甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 光果甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 胀果甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 黄甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 粗毛甘草 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

92、半夏的性状特征为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 呈柱状 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 呈类球形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 顶端有凹陷的茎痕,周围密布麻点状根痕 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 富粉性 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 纤维性强 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: BCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

93、冬虫夏草应具有的性状特征为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 虫体有环纹20~30条 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 虫体有腹足8对 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 子座先端有一段光滑的不育柄 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 子座有分枝,密布细绒毛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 虫体细长,被棕至棕褐色绒毛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABC 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

94、以菌核入药的药材有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 雷丸 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 灵芝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 马勃 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 茯苓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 猪苓 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

95、以下对绵马贯众描述正确的是(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 原植物为鳞毛蕨科粗茎鳞毛蕨 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 主产黑龙江、吉林、辽宁三省 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 根茎上密被排列整齐的叶柄残基及鳞片 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 断面有分体中柱5~8个 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 组织中有间隙腺毛 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

96、川产道地药材有()4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 附子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 红花 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 川芎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 川贝 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 三七 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

97、白芍根粉末的显微特征主要有(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 草酸钙簇晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 草酸钙小棱晶,含晶细胞壁不规则加厚 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 淀粉粒多已糊化 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 导管主要为具缘纹孔或网纹导管 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 淀粉粒甚多,单粒类球形或多角形,复粒由2~8分粒组成 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ACD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

98、藻类、菌类中药共有的特征为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 均为低等植物 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 无根、茎、叶的分化 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 一般无组织的分化 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 无维管束 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 无胚胎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

99、金银花的粉末特征为() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 花粉粒类球形 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 腺毛有两种类型 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 非腺毛多单细胞,有两种类型 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 含细小的草酸钙簇晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 含有类圆形的石细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

100、黄柏粉末显微特征可见() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 晶纤维 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 类圆形石细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 黏液细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 分枝状石细胞 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 草酸钙方晶 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ABCDE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

101、大黄的药用部位为(    ) 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 干燥果实 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 干燥藤茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 干燥根 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 干燥根茎 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 干燥树皮 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: CD 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

102、下列以果实入药的生药是() 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、 山楂 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、 苦杏仁 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、 丁香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、 小茴香 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

E、 五味子 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

正确答案: ADE 4rk★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

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